Tuesday, July 30, 2013

Nayabad Masjid, Dinajpur, Rangpur

নয়াবাদ মসজিদ, দিনাজপুর
Nayabad Masjid
Nayabad masjid (নয়াবাদ মসজিদ) a 18th century brick mosque, situated in the village of Nayabad, Ramchandrapur Union, Kaharole sub-district, about 27 km  south-west of Dinajpur town across the Dhepa river. It's only 1.5 km away from the historical Kantajiu Temple. Those who are visiting Kantajiu Temple must see this place because there is a historical connection between these two sites. I am not sure actually when the Nayabad Masjid was constructed. I get two opinion about it. 

First opinion said, It was constructed during the Maharaja Ramnath period 1722 -1763 A.D. After the completion of the Kantajiu Temple, the Muslim architects those came from the west (maybe Persia) and the laborers had settled in Nayabad village near the temple. They took permission from the Maharaja Ramnath and build this Masjid. Generous Raja Ramnath helped them to construct the Masjid. 

Second opinion: According to a writing found on the main doorway, it was constructed at 1793 AD in the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II (1759 - 1806 AD). But that time Dinajpur was under British rule and there were lots of ups and downs happened in the selection of zamindar by the British. Source kantaji.com/

I think the first opinion is stronger than the second.

Nayabad Masjid, Dinajpur
Nayabad Masjid

নয়াবাদ মসজিদ, দিনাজপুর
Arched Shape Entrance



Description of the Masjid: 
It is a rectangle three dome mosque with octagonal towers (minar) at the four corners. The octagonal minars are 12.45 meter by 5.5 meter. This masjid is situated over 1.5 bigha land. There are 3 hemispherical domes cover the masjid. Among them the central one is bigger than the side ones. Same way there are three arched shape entrances to enter the mosque, of which the central one is bigger than the side ones. The central arch is 1.95 m high and 1.15 m wide. There are an arched window on the south and north sides. The wall is about 1.10 meter thick. Inside in the western wall there are 3 mihrabs along with the 3 doors. The central mihrab is bigger (length 230 meter and wide 1.08 meter) than the side ones. 

As like Kantaji Temple this Masjid also decorated with terracotta arts. But the design is different. They used terracotta of flowers on the wall. At present there are about 104 terracotta plaques exist. They are 0.4 m by 0.3 m rectangular in shape. The masjid is surrounded by a low brick wall with one access from the east.

Nayabad Masjid, Dinajpur
Terracotta of Flowers

Nayabad Masjid, Dinajpur
Grave of Master Architect


There is a grave of an unknown person in the area of the Masjid. People believe, this is the grave of the master architect who built both Kantanagar Temple and Nayabad Masjid Kalu Khan. In the board there is only written "Grave". 


About Our Tour:
Actually this was the same tour when we visited Bogra, Rangpur and Dinajpur. June, 2010 from 14 to 16 I had traveled all this places with BTCL officers. We had started from Dhaka at 14th June, reached Dinajpur on the same date. Next day 15th June we visited Kantanagar Temple, Nayabad Masjid, Ramsagar, Dinajpur Rajbari. Please read my related post about Kantanagar Temple , Dinajpur Rajbari

  • Short history of the Raja and Maharajas of Dinajpur: 
Raja Sukdev Roy: 1642 - 1677 A.D.
Mughal emperor gave the title "Raja" to Sukdev Roy because he obtain a large territory in the north Bengal region. He died in 1677. Maybe the "Sukh Sagar" (Sea of Pleasure) is the only remaining left. Raja Sukdhev had two wives. Ramdev and Joydev were born by his first wife and Prannath was the son of second wife. Among 3 son Ramdev died very young.

Raja Joydev: 1677 - 1682 A.D. 
The second son Joydev became raja and ruled the kingdom for five years from 1677 A.D. to 1682 A.D. 

Maharaja Prannath: 1682 -1722 A.D.
Maharaja Prannath was a very powerful zamindar and he ruled the Dinajpur for 40 years. Rukmini was his wife and Ramnath was his adopted son. He dug a lake named "Pransagar" (Sea of life / Sea of Prannath), 18 kilometers south of Dinajpur. The most remarkable thing he did in his life was to start the magnificent Kantaji Temple. Some said he started it in 1704 AD but from the trusted source it can be assumed that he started it in his old age 1722. From 1722 to 1752 AD, in 30 years it was completed by his son Maharaja Ramnath.

Maharaja Ramnath: 1722 -1763 A.D.
Maharaja Ramanath was very powerful and honest king. He was a brave warrior and great administrator. After becoming king he gave attention to rebuilding the estate. He constructed the famous Rajbari and dug the famous Ramsagar Lake. He also built a temple at Rajarampur and gave attention to complete the unfinished Kantanagar temple. All his work make him the most memorable person of Dinajpur District. Also make the district a famous tourist place. Ramnath had four sons. Krishnanath, Roopnath, Baidyanath and Kantanath. He died in 1760 AD.

Raja Baidyanath: 1763 -1778 A.D.
When he was sited in the throne the political environment changed significantly in the sub-continent. British got the power to collect the revenues.  Maybe in 1772 an English collector was appointed as the zamindar of Dinajpur. Raja Baidyanath died in 1780 without any heir. Rani Saraswati's adopted son Radhanath become the zamindar (1792) under the British rule.

The whole story of the Dinajpur Rajas well written in the web called kantaji.com. I took most of the information from there. Please read it for better understanding.

Related Post:
1. Kantaji Temple
2. Dinajpur Rajbari
3. Ramsagar Lake  
  END

7 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. Thanks Shoab. You only see Kantaji Temple and Nayabad Masjid in my blog. Rajbari and Ramsagar are coming in my next post. Ramsagar is the most beautiful place of Dinajpur.

      Delete
  2. superb...n u r lukin herooooooooooo.....lyks lyks....

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I hope u guys read my post or just see the picture and put a comments. Very bad. I work really hard to write a good article. Thanks anyway.

      Delete
  3. Next time please visit Sura Mosque, Shita Coat Bihar & Sawapnapuri... :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Thanks.. Next time I will plan for those..

      Delete
  4. terimakasih atas informasinya
    di tunggu postingan selanjutnya

    ReplyDelete

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